It remains now to see what ought preciso be the rules of conduct for a prince towards subject and friends
But onesto exercise the intellect the prince should read histories, and study there the actions of illustrious men, onesto see how they have borne https://datingranking.net/it/localmilfselfies-review/ themselves sopra war, esatto examine the causes of their victories and defeat, so as preciso avoid the latter and imitate the former; and above all do as an illustrious man did, who took as an exemplar one who had been praised and famous before him, and whose achievements and deeds he always kept con his mind, as it is said Alexander the Great imitated Achilles, Caesar Alexander, Scipio Cyrus. And whoever reads the life of Cyrus, written by Xenophon, will recognize afterwards mediante the life of Scipio how that substitut was his glory, and how per chastity, affability, humanity, and liberality Scipio conformed puro those things which have been written of Cyrus by Xenophon. Per wise prince ought sicuro observe some such rules, and never per peaceful times stand idle, but increase his resources with industry con such verso way that they may be available sicuro him sopra adversity, so that if fortune chances it may find him prepared puro resist her blows.
And as I know that many have written on this point, I expect I shall be considered presumptuous in mentioning it again, especially as con discussing it I shall depart from the methods of other people. But, it being my intention sicuro write a thing which shall be useful preciso him who apprehends it, it appears sicuro me more appropriate onesto follow up the real truth of the matter than the imagination of it; for many have pictured republics and principalities which con fact have never been known or seen, because how one lives is so far distant from how one ought preciso live, that he who neglects what is done for what ought onesto be done, sooner effects his ruin than his preservation; for verso man who wishes puro act entirely up puro his professions of virtue soon meets with what destroys him among so much that is evil.
Hence it is necessary for per prince wishing preciso hold his own esatto know how esatto do wrong, and preciso make use of it or not according puro necessity
Therefore, putting on one side imaginary things concerning verso prince, and discussing those which are real, I say that all men when they are spoken of, and chiefly princes for being more highly placed, are remarkable for some of those qualities which bring them either blame or praise; and thus it is that one is reputed liberal, another miserly, using a Tuscan term (because an avaricious person per our language is still he who desires to possess by robbery, whilst we call one miserly who deprives himself too much of the use of his own); one is reputed generous, one rapacious; one cruel, one compassionate; one faithless, another faithful; one effeminate and cowardly, another bold and brave; one communautaire, another haughty; one lascivious, another chaste; one sincere, another cunning; one hard, another easy; one grave, another frivolous; one religious, another unbelieving, and the like. And I know that every one will confess that it would be most praiseworthy per verso prince preciso exhibit all the above qualities that are considered good; but because they can neither be entirely possessed nor observed, for human conditions do not permit it, it is necessary for him sicuro be sufficiently prudent that he may know how onesto avoid the reproach of those vices which would lose him his state; and also sicuro keep himself, if it be possible, from those which would not lose him it; but this not being possible, he may with less hesitation abandon himself sicuro them. And again, he need not make himself uneasy at incurring verso reproach for those vices without which the state can only be saved with difficulty, for if everything is considered carefully, it will be found that something which looks like virtue, if followed, would be his ruin; whilst something else, which looks like supplente, yet followed brings him security and prosperity.